What is the Nervous System?
The nervous system is the body’s primary controlling, regulating, and communicating system. The mind is the center of all mental activity, including thought, learning, and memory. Together with the endocrine system, the nervous system regulates and maintains homeostasis. As a result of its receptors, the nervous system keeps us in touch with both our external and internal environments.
The human body’s nervous system is an intricate and complex network that coordinates and regulates bodily activities. It consists of two divisions, namely the central nervous and peripheral nervous systems.
What are Neurological Diseases?
The nervous system is sensitive and vulnerable to various medical conditions and disorders that can be damaged by stress or strain, including trauma, degeneration, infection, autoimmune disorder, and structural defects such as muscular dystrophy, tumors, and even blood flow disruptions. Therefore, neurological diseases can be defined as cerebral diseases related to the spinal cord, brain, and nerves. Neurological diseases affect several individuals per year, and in most cases, the patients remain unaware of their medical conditions until the doctor’s diagnosis.
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It is, therefore, necessary to understand the symptoms of neurological disorders so that one can seek medical help, which would lead to a proper diagnosis and prognosis.
What are the three common neurological diseases?
Three of the most common types of neurological diseases that may or may not be overlooked are:
One of the most ignored yet common among the vast majority of patients is a headache. There are over a hundred and fifty types of headaches. Some of the most common types of headaches are migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches. In contrast, some of the less common headaches are exercise headaches, hemicrania continua, hormone headaches, and rebound headaches. Some of the rare types are ice pick, spinal, and thunderclap headaches. Continuous headache is considered a bad sign and could be a symptom of an underlying condition such as high blood pressure, infection, temporal arteritis, and tumors.
Headaches due to certain illnesses, stress, genetics, and your environment are common as well. It would be best if a neurologist at Coimbatore is consulted to discuss the cause of the headache and interventional treatment modalities. The consulting doctor would run some tests and diagnose the problem at hand. If it is a migraine, then he/she would prescribe medications to alleviate the symptoms.
Strokes affect a large proportion of people worldwide and primarily occur when there is brain damage due to an impaired vascular system to and fro the brain. Strokes are usually difficult to anticipate, but medical help can be made available at the best neurological hospital in Coimbatore by observing symptoms such as confusion and trouble speaking, blurred vision, loss of balance, numbness, and severe headache.
The primary causes of strokes are ischemic stroke, blocked arteries of the brain, hemorrhagic stroke, leaking or rupturing of the blood vessels of the brain, and transient ischemic attack. Also referred to as ministroke is a temporary period when you experience stroke-like symptoms.
Stroke also occurs if you have comorbidities such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity, excessive smoking, and high cholesterol. Stroke is a medical emergency and requires prompt treatment to reduce the damage to the brain and prevent several complications. One must consult the best neurologist doctor if their face begins to droop on one side when they smile, are unable to lift an arm, and have slurred speech.
Seizures are uncontrolled and sudden electrical disturbances in the brain. It causes a sudden change in movements and feelings and affects your level of consciousness. The type of seizure depends on where they originate in the brain and where they are spreading. Most seizures are controlled by medications, but the management of seizures continues to impact daily life.
The doctor will likely prescribe medication whether or not the individual’s seizures have a cause. With nerve stimulation or diet therapy, seizures that are hard to control can be controlled. Patients with epilepsy due to a focal scar or other brain lesions might be good candidates for epilepsy surgery.
Some of the symptoms of seizures are temporary confusion, uncontrollable movements of the limbs, cognitive and emotional symptoms, and loss of consciousness. Seizures are further classified as focal and generalized. The doctors at the neurology department of Sri Rama Krishna hospital at Coimbatore endeavor not only to diagnose the diseases but also treat them in a manner that improves patient’s health and quality of life.
A brain specialist would diagnose it and prescribe anti-seizure medicines. He/she may also recommend therapies such as diet therapy. In certain patients, the doctor would proceed with surgery if other medical interventions do not improve the patient’s conditions.
The Sri Rama Krishna multi-specialty hospital is one of the best neurology hospitals in Coimbatore and is now among the top healthcare providers in the country. The department of neurology is one of the oldest at Coimbatore and comprises radiologists, neurologists, neuroradiologists, and neurosurgeons.
Since most neurologic disorders affect the quality of life, highly experienced and trained doctors concentrate on securing the patients’ health and strive to improve their quality of life; this is primarily possible due to the large team of doctors, including physiotherapists, psychologists, and pathologists, who strive to provide holistic treatment to try rehabilitating the patient back to normalcy.